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Boom or Bust? What the Future of NFTs holds?

Many years ago, the future of NFTs was just a concept that a GIF or a JPEG file would be considered an art collectible was just unthinkable. Unlike today, they are known as NFTs, crypto investment assets with a market that surpassed a whopping 49 billion dollars in 2021. These digital tokens and NFTs are bought and sold on specific marketplaces where many tech investors have seen huge profits.

This idea of a digital marketplace where artists could share their work and sell them off directly without the involvement of auction houses or museums seemed impossible just a few years ago. It has drastically evolved over the past 5-6 years, allowing artists, big companies, and organizations to share their work on the NFT marketplace easily.

How did NFTs come into existence?

The concept of NFTs started to evolve on the surface when Meni Rosenfield introduced the idea of colored coins on paper in 2012. The basic idea was to teach a class of methods for representing and managing real-world assets on the blockchain to provide complete ownership of those assets. The idea wasn’t compatible with the Bitcoin blockchain but later came on to become the foundation of NFTs.

Kevin McCoy, a digital artist, minted the first NFT in 2014. Its name was “Quantum” and it was released on the namecoin blockchain. The Quantum was a digital pixelated octagon image that resembled an octopus in different changing colors. After this, several other NFTs were minted on several blockchains and soon after, Ethereum became the hub for releasing all new NFTs making the future of NFTs quite clear.

How NFTs turned out to be a Colossal Success?

In 2021, it became the year of the NFTs with a massive surge in the demand and supply of NFTs. This happened when famous auction houses like Christie’s and Sotheby’s started selling the NFT art pieces and took their auctions online. Christie’s NFT sale of Beeple’s “Everyday: The First 5000 Days” was sold for a whopping $69 million. Such a massive sale like this one validated the NFT marketplace’s growth and gained new customers’ trust.

After artworks, NFTs entered the music industry and succeeded there. Kings of Leon was the first music band to have had their album released through NFTs. Moving on, merchandise, concert tickets and even song tracks started getting sold as NFTs. The affiliation between the audience and the artist directly was one of the primary reasons behind the success of NFTs in the music industry. The main reason is the no longer involvement of third parties or intermediaries for their interactions.

NFTs today aren’t just limited to art, games, or music but they are also trending for every possible real-world asset. To utilize NFTs to their full potential, companies like LCX have introduced the concept of tokenization of diamonds. Almost all diamonds are unique, making them perfect to be tokenized into NFTs. These Tiamonds were enabled by LCX’s framework and are based on the Ethereum blockchain. Tiamonds provide complete transparency, value and security for your investments.

What’s the future of NFTs?

Despite some ups and downs in the past regarding the success of NFTs, it has survived and has become a huge hit. Considering all the aspects of what NFTs are today, we can confidently say they are here to stay. They have had an enormous impact, specifically in the art world. With many people moving towards the Metaverse, it will also definitely aid in the surge of NFTs.

NFTs are still a new technology, and their further growth largely depends on people’s realization of their impact in different fields. The more people realize its capacity and potential, the more they expand. It might still look blurry to some people about the future of NFTs, but with the recognition they have today, something big will happen for NFTs.

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Crypto Winter: Is It Over?

We all know that cryptocurrencies have seen better days. Lately, all the cryptocurrencies have been thriving to gain the credibility they had a few years ago. This year has been challenging for the crypto market.

The famous cryptocurrency Bitcoin (BTC) has been hovering around $20,000 nowadays, which is 70% off its high back in November 2021. It’s just not only Bitcoin that has been feeling the downward pressure. Others like Ethereum (ETH), Polygon (MATIC), Cardano (ADA), etc., have been 60% more off than last year.

Blockchain experts have already called this the next Crypto Winter after the last one, which lasted nearly three years, from February 2018 to December 2020.

What is Crypto Winter?

Crypto Winter, in terms of the cryptocurrency market, is referred to the steady and unstable growth where the market seems to be unprofitable. Defining it further, the crypto winter refers to when the prices contract and remain low for a pervasive period.

Cryptocurrencies aren’t the only thing suffering in this long winter. The people and companies behind it are also facing difficulties as well. Major blockchain and crypto companies have witnessed and seen profound losses. Even the leading NFT marketplace, OpenSea, had to cut its staff by 30% during this year’s summer.

Advantages of Crypto Winter

It’s not the first time the market has settled over a crypto winter. From such experience, we know that the crypto winter is much like the conventional bear market because the results are similar.

Due to the long term of this crypto winter, many young startups have weeded out. Thus, indirectly allowing the top companies to prove and mature their crypto products.

Will Crypto Come Roaring Back?

When it comes down to predicting the crypto winter’s end and the crypto market’s future, many experts have pointed out that more essential cryptocurrencies will prevail.

Many people and investors have stopped buying cryptocurrency due to the current market situation. Whereas some investors love the pullback, viewing it as a chance to double down on the crypto market for the long term. A few analysts predict that the crypto winter will likely end in the earlier months of 2023.

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Cardano Vasil Hard Fork? What Is It?

Cardano is a decentralized Proof of Stake (PoS) blockchain network designed to be a more efficient alternative to Proof of Work (PoW), just like Ethereum’s merge last month. Cardano’s ecosystem allows other developers to create decentralized apps, tokens, or other use cases for scalable blockchain networks.

Recently, Cardano implemented new functionality in their system through the Vasil Hard Fork, improving the network for all its users. The upgrade was to change the Cardano developer’s development experience using Plutus to create their decentralized applications.

What Is Cardano Vasil Hard Fork?

Cardano’s Blockchain implemented Vasil Hard Fork technology intended to increase the chain’s throughput by enriching smart contract capabilities and reducing the current costs. Plutus is Cardano’s native smart contract language.

Vasil will help deliver a second version of Cardano’s scripting language, Plutus (V.2). Plutus helps differentiate the code that drives the smart contracts, which runs on a user’s machine and remains off-chain from the on-chain validation of transactions.

How will Vasil Hard Fork help Cardano?

The recent upgrade on the Cardano blockchain network will enhance the ecosystem’s efficiency, block latency speeds, and transaction throughput. Moreover, the Vasil Hard Fork will see the implementation of a technique known as diffusion pipelining. This technique which will help to block propagation times and indirectly increasing the network’s transaction processing capabilities.

The Vasil Hard Folk will also introduce three essential Cardano Improvements (CIPs) named CIP-31, CIP-32, and CIP-33. CIP-31 will help raise a new reference input mechanism that will allow the DApps to access transactional output data without having to recreate it again. This will help make the entire process more streamlined and time-saving.

The CIP-32 is designed to increase Cardano’s decentralization levels by adding on-chain data storage features for the users. CIP-33 will help make the transactions cheaper by making changes to the system’s programming script, making the processing faster and reducing the fees.

Lastly, another improvement will be added, named CIP-40, as a part of Vasil. This will help introduce a new output transaction mechanism that will improve the block transmission without the full validation. The updates includes enhancing Cardano’s native smart contract programming language Plutus to a more functional advancement than its previous iteration.

Potential Effects on Cardano?

The Vasil Hard Fork was already released at the end of last month and the remaining updates are still taking place. The second phase of the Vasil Hard Fork will help redefine the Plutus cost model. This will directly affect the memory fees and processing powers required to help govern the Cardano’s native smart contracts.

Apart from working on the Vasil Hard Fork, the Cardano’s development team is working on the layer-2 scaling solution, the Hydra Head Protocol, which is capable of processing transactions from the Cardano network while using it as the settlement layer and core security.

At this point, the update from Cardano revealed that they had successfully addressed the issue with Hydra’s node framework. There isn’t a specific date for the current situation, but it will be out within a few months.

What the future holds for Cardano?

The future is quite uncertain, but it is sure that Cardano’s Vasil Hard Fork update will definitely impact new users and investors to move toward Cardano’s blockchain network in the coming time.

Since the start of 2020, Cardano’s cryptocurrency ADA has significantly witnessed dips in its transaction volumes. Even after the recent upgrade, it hasn’t helped increase ADA’s value in the cryptocurrency network.

Even after the switch to Vasil Hard Fork, there isn’t a boom in the price of ADA lately. The facts show that Cardano’s ecosystem has made tremendous strides over the past few years. These efforts show that the project is primed for big things in the years to come.

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Ethereum Overtaking Bitcoin Soon?

Experts and researchers are now predicting that Ethereum overtaking Bitcoin in the Blockchain Market is turning out to be accurate. The main reason behind this prediction is Ethereum is moving towards Ethereum 2.0. It involves switching to a drastically less energy-consuming method of validating transactions known as Proof of Stake (PoS).

Ethereum is the first among other Blockchains to move from Proof of Work (PoW) to Proof of Stake (PoS). This could be a giant step for Ethereum but this will revolutionize Blockchain completely. In the beginning, it will reduce the global energy consumption required for mining.

Ethereum Overtaking Bitcoin Or Not?

Some experts and researchers are already recommending people who invested in Bitcoin to start selling them as soon as possible. Ethereum can revolutionize the complete Blockchain Industry with the change to Proof of Stake, which is expected to happen at the end of this month.

One of the other factors behind the leading Blockchains is the massive energy consumption involved. With “The Merge” happening with Ethereum’s switch, the energy costs will be down by 99.95%. It means that 10 million GPUs worldwide could be narrowed down to just a few thousand, resulting in a reduced energy crisis globally.

Indeed, Ethereum will be taking over Bitcoin if “The Merge” happens. With the cut in energy costs, this will result in Ethereum coming up front in the Blockchain Market due to the transaction costs going even cheaper than before.

Is Ethereum The Future of Blockchain?

Yes, it is more likely that the future will favor Ethereum overtaking Bitcoin. Ethereum’s merge with Proof of Stake (PoS) could open up the Blockchain industry towards an inward investment from traditional finance, which remained quite cautious in the past due to the carbon footprint associated with Proof of Work (PoW).

In Ethereum 2.0, ether will become a deflationary cryptocurrency, with the annual issuance of the cryptocurrency being slashed down by almost 90%. Investors are already lining up many ether call options for a possible bull run on Ethereum if The Merge goes through. With only over a month left, many crypto analysts are predicting the changes to come just after The Merge.

Ethereum will completely revolutionize the Blockchain Industry if The Merge goes through without complications. Apart from resolving the Global Energy Crisis due to mining, it will also reduce the other transaction cost that Ethereum had to bear.

Can Ethereum Flip Bitcoin Over?

The flipping can occur due to various causes and ways. With a limited amount of Bitcoin, some of its value is derived from its rarity and can also serve as an inflation hedge.

Comparing it to cash processors like VISA, which can handle around 60,000 transactions per second. On the other hand, Bitcoin’s Blockchain can handle roughly seven transactions per second. So, Bitcoin is too reluctant to function as a suitable means of exchange. Thus resulting in forcing people to look for a faster and more efficient system.

Ethereum has made it quite feasible to develop and build new valuable products and services. As a means of exchange, these developments on the Ethereum Blockchain will need some ether coin. This will indirectly raise the price and demand of the cryptocurrency.

Ethereum Overtaking Bitcoin: Final Thoughts?

All experts and researchers have pointed toward a major increase in the prices of Ethereum by the end of this year. The projected growth of Ethereum should be seen shortly after The Merge is launched. Many critics still think it is to create hype in the Blockchain Market, but that’s entirely wrong.

Users and Investors are more likely to shift towards Ethereum than Bitcoin after Ethereum’s transition. Only time will tell us if this is true, but the stakes are pretty high. There is little wait left to guarantee full insurance of this significant evolution of the Blockchain Industry.

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Blockchain Bubble or Revolution? What’s The Future?

The recent fluctuations in the Blockchain Market have made us wonder whether the Blockchain Bubble is true or not. Current investors are already worried about their investments in the Blockchain market and the future. New investors are still curious if it’s an excellent time to put in money or not.

What is a Blockchain Bubble?

A bubble occurs when the assets are priced higher than their actual value in the market. Various factors are considered when valuing investments and assets, including demand, growth potential, earnings and others. However, in some cases, an asset’s value will increase more than expected.

Here are some of the circumstances under which a Blockchain Bubble forms:

– A surge in value attracts investors, who invest in the asset, further increasing its value.

– Rapid price increases are caused by excitement over a specific asset.

– More investors will increase the asset’s value, causing its price to exceed its intrinsic value.

Not all of the rapid price increases indicate a Blockchain Bubble. For example, asset price increases may occur due to recovery periods after a recession. The significant difference in the price increase can be justified by the factors used to evaluate an investment.

Are We in a Blockchain Bubble?

Currently, it isn’t easy to assess whether the values of different cryptocurrencies could be justified or if they are being overvalued due to the excitement created in the market.

Other traditional investments are valued based on their business performance or financial metrics, whereas cryptocurrencies are primarily based on factors like competition, cost of production and demand.

Bitcoin, one of the leading and most popular cryptocurrencies, has been said to have many bubbles over the past few years now:

– At the end of 2017, its price had reached over $13,000 before bursting.

– By mid of 2019, its value rose from $3,400 to $12,000 drastically.

– Finally in 2021, after continuous dips and peaks, Bitcoin reached an astonishing $61,000.

While Bitcoin’s current price has since fallen to its current value of $20,290 as of 31st August 2022, it is still higher than what other skeptics had imagined it would reach when it was first introduced. There are no specific reasons for the fluctuations in Bitcoin’s value since a majority of the value is derived from just speculation only.

How does the Blockchain Bubble Work?

In the Blockchain market or any other market, here is how the bubble forms and pops in similar ways:

– A bubble typically begins when investor changes their perspectives on a particular investment. In this case, a new investment opportunity may have been created by the invention of cryptocurrency.

– A potential gain from the investment will then be discussed with investors.

– Speculators will then begin taking risks, increasing prices and attracting even more investors. Using Bitcoin as an example, its rapid growth period from 2017 to 2019 illustrated this exact phase.

– There will be many new investors attracted to the bubble at its peak who believe there is little risk and plenty to gain. As a result, they may make unfounded investment decisions, further increasing the stock price.

– A few investors may lose money, causing others to sell their shares. The Snowball Effect occurs and while some investors may make huge profits, those who are too late to sell may suffer significant losses, making the investment price drop.

The Future of Blockchain?

The Blockchain market’s future is expected to triple by the year 2030. While more and more individuals, businesses and governments are taking an interest in cryptocurrencies, there is still a lot of skepticism surrounding the value of cryptocurrencies and how to implement balanced regulations.

People who have invested in Blockchains have identified benefits such as easy payment management, quick accessibility and working directly with individuals rather than the involvement of third parties like banks and other organizations. However, many people are still insecure about their assets and their volatility.

Factors like these are the reason for the mixed feelings surrounding the giant corporations investing in Blockchain and having government-placed regulations on the Blockchain market. Since many investors are still interested in using the cryptocurrency’s non-traditional system, they are even more skeptical of it becoming more corporate.

Moving further, individuals, businesses, or governments will need to work on a system that will help balance the need for regulations with the desire to keep the existing P2P structure of the Blockchain networks.

Bubble or Revolution: Final Verdict?

It is still difficult to determine whether the Blockchain Bubble will pop out or Revolutionize the world completely. Many people, including a lot of investors, are still unsure if they should invest in the Blockchain market or not.

When making investment decisions in the Blockchain market, individuals should consider all the pros and cons behind investing their money. For example, if a person wants to invest in cryptocurrencies just because they want to join the crowd. Instead, they should take more time to analyze if their investment would make sense in the long run or not. You never know what the future of Blockchain holds and whether the bubble will pop or not.

A Penny for Your Thoughts!

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Ethereum switching to Proof of Stake (PoS)?

The NFT market tokens representing Digital Art, Music and Videos soared to a whopping price of $44 Billion last year. This increased attention to the Ethereum Blockchain, where most of the NFTs were bought and sold. Hence, Ethereum came up with the idea to change from Proof of Work to Proof of Stake.

Unlike a banking system, a Blockchain network doesn’t have a central gatekeeper to verify the transactions. Instead, Bitcoin and Ethereum, two of the largest cryptocurrencies, both rely on a mechanism called “Proof of Work (PoW)” to maintain the ledger of transactions.

What is Proof of Work (PoW)?

It is the algorithm that helps secure many cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum. The concept behind its creation was to control third parties like banks or states involved in the financial ecosystem. Participants maintained a shared ledger, which is why Blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum moved their systems entirely to PoW.

Even more specifically, PoW solves the “double-spending” problem. If, for instance, the users double-spend their coins, this will cause inflation in the overall supply, resulting in the devaluation of everyone else’s coins and making the currency worthless. Hence, the Blockchain networks shifted completely to PoW, making doubling digital currency very difficult.

What is Proof of Stake (PoS)?

The problem was quite clear for Ethereum developers regarding the limitations with PoW. So, they are almost in the final stages of building the new solution, “Ethereum 2.0”. This upgraded version of Ethereum will produce a faster, intensive mechanism called “Proof of Stake (PoS)”. It will not only maximize the speed and efficiency but also lower the existing fees.

In Proof of Stake, staking is similar to a proof of work’s mining. It’s the process through which a network participant gets to select the latest batch of transactions to the desired Blockchain and, in exchange, earn some crypto back. The details may vary, but PoS Blockchains generally deploy a network of “validators” who contribute or stake their personal crypto in exchange to get a chance to validate new transactions, update the Blockchain and earn themselves a reward.

How does Proof of Stake work?

Basically, in PoS, the algorithm selects a pool of validators based on the number of funds each validator has. If you’ve chosen and the committee of “attesters” accepts your block. Ethereum claims that the critical advantage behind switching from Proof of Work to Proof of Stake is the economic incentive to play by the rules. If a node picks up a bad block or transaction, the validators face “slashing”, which technically means that all their ether is “burned”.

Proponents have claimed that Proof of Stake is far more secure than Proof of Work. Attacking a PoW chain, you only need half the computing power in the network. Whereas, for PoS, you need to control more than half the coins of the system. It is pretty tricky to achieve this with PoW.

A Risky Move for Ethereum?

Moving the Blockchain network from Proof of Work to Proof of Stake comes with risks. Thousands and thousands of Smart Contracts operate entirely on the Ethereum chain, with billions of dollars of assets at stake.

Proof of Stake has still not been proven onto our existing Proof of Work platforms. Ethereum has been among the top Blockchain networks, and it will be difficult for them to transit from PoW to PoS. The vulnerabilities would surface once the new system is widely released.

Future of Ethereum?

With Ethereum’s transition to this new protocol, we are still unsure how it will affect the Blockchain market. If this plan for Ethereum succeeds, then this will increase the price of Ethereum to booming numbers in the Blockchain market.

However, Ethereum will be launching its “Ethereum 2.0” mid-next month. Only a few days left as Ethereum is working on the final touches of their Proof of Stake model. With the crypto market being uncanny, no one is still sure what the future of Ethereum holds after their new model implementations. Let’s hope it goes the right way, as it will completely revolutionize the Blockchain market.

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How Are NFTs Impacting The Art World?

Non-fungible tokens, or NFTs, have recently piqued the interest of international artists and collectors, generating new economic activity. But much of the discussion neglects to include how NFTs change the conventional art market. The consequences of purchasing and selling fascinate collectors, galleries, museums, auction houses, and artists.

A brand-new class of crypto assets, NFTs are distinct from Bitcoin, which is fungible or interchangeable. An NFT is often an exceptional digital depiction of a good, such as a work of art, in the context of art and collectibles. It is saved on a “blockchain,” a digital database that frequently acts as a decentralized public ledger and resembles a certificate of authenticity. Artwork, music, collectibles, and other digital assets, whether tangible or digital, can serve as the foundation for NFTs. So, where do NFTs fit into the current environment of the art market? NFTs may be viewed as a fad by some, but they have intriguing ramifications for both the development of digital art in the present and the future.

NFTs Profit for Artists

Artists and their artwork follow a well-worn road, starting with galleries, which put the art with museums and collectors, then the secondary market focused on auction houses. Museums, collectors, and artists buy and sell art in galleries and auction houses. NFTs and associated marketplaces allow artists to sell directly to buyers.

NFTs affect artwork price and how galleries and artists are compensated. As new art is made and sold, the gallerist decides the price. A secondary market may develop for a seasoned artist’s work over time, increasing liquidity. When an artwork sells on the secondary market, the revenues go to the owner. The artist doesn’t benefit from price rises after the original sale. NFT contracts may contain royalty terms, so artists get a portion of any upside. Big NFT exchanges like OpenSea obey these rules, but private deals are murkier. Given that NFTs are freely launched and tradeable, a collapse of primary and secondary markets may imply buyers have more influence on market pricing.

This democratization of the art market means more buyers and sellers from within and beyond the conventional art world are trading across different platforms, so it’s more crucial than ever to be attentive and educated.

Accessibility and Cost

Blockchain technology and NFTs are altering how people view art and art ownership. NFTs frequently refer to some type of artwork, whether it be digital or tangible. Ownership of an NFT, however, does not entail ownership of the actual work of art. Non-fungible tokens are occasionally sold alongside the actual artwork and occasionally not.

With his collection of 10,000 NFTs, “The Currency,” by British artist Damien Hirst, Hirst explored the issue of ownership by having each NFT represent a different tangible piece of art. NFTs are sent to buyers, who choose between actual artwork and digital non-fungible tokens. One is destroyed, the other. Additionally, museums are considering how to employ non-fungible tokens. To raise money to restore the same masterworks, some institutions have produced NFTs of the masterpieces in their collections. As museums see NFTs as distinct forms of art, new issues about their acquisition, storage, and curation arise.

NFTs might create a new category of art purchasers. Blockchain enhances these possibilities by making fractionalized art ownership more popular and simpler to acquire and sell, even if owning art through art funds is not a new concept. Through a higher minimum commitment, traditional art funds provide each investor with proportionate participation in a collection of works of art. Blockchain makes it easier to acquire partial ownership of one or more art pieces, allowing for free secondary market trading for less money.

Communities and Collectibles

Non-fungible tokens affect more than just great art. Minting NFTs works for collectibles like baseball cards. NBA Top Shots is an early NFT in this category that lets users gather highlight videos of their favorite athlete’s dunks or jump shots.

This group of NFTs has an intriguing trait in that they might potentially benefit from a sizable fanbase or collector base that supports one another’s tastes. New artistic communities are being created by offering artists new, more direct means to communicate with their fans through non-fungible tokens. The firm Yuga Labs’ 2021 release of a collection of NFTs featuring cartoon apes called The Bored Ape Yacht Club caused a stir in the art and business realms, generating millions of dollars and attracting the attention of famous people. Members of the “Club” get access to exclusive chat rooms, receive “airdropped” deals (new NFTs sent straight to their wallets), and the ape images even serve as a virtual coat of arms for social media accounts. Historically, art communities have been established through galleries; however, NFTs also support the development of online and virtual communities.

NFTs and Art World: Conclusion

NFTs are upending the art market by altering how art is traded. Through websites like OpenSea and Foundation, digital art creators may sell directly to collectors, bypassing brokers and galleries. Understandably, auction houses would like to participate in this significant upheaval. In October, Sotheby’s, selling NFTs valued at $100 million in 2021, debuted Sotheby’s Metaverse, a specialized, exclusive NFT market. In the future, this will develop to encompass a complete range of market characteristics, such as leading offers, dynamic auctions, open editions, and the ability to mint generative artworks.

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DApps: Decentralized Application | What Is It?

DApps are true innovation that masterfully uses the benefits of decentralization to provide end users with the utmost security and sensitivity. Decentralized applications created on top of blockchain are referred to as DApps.

What are DApps?

The backend software of a dApp runs on a decentralized peer-to-peer network. Compare this to a typical app, where the backend code runs on centralized servers.

The sole difference between blockchain-powered decentralized apps and the mobile or web apps we now use daily is how you conduct transactions or connect with other users through the blockchain network. The data being transacted in this case is dispersed throughout a decentralized network of millions of nodes, keeping user records and identity secure and impermeable rather than being under the jurisdiction of a single large corporation, intermediary, or company.

It’s Unique Characteristics:

The extraordinary qualities and attributes that DApps possess are what set them apart. Let’s mention some of them and quickly go over them.

Censorship Proof: 

If you utilize a decentralized app, no one in the blockchain network can restrict your profile or account since it is not under the jurisdiction of a central organization or owner.

Let’s examine it with yet another example:

Suppose you use a dApp similar to Facebook and post messages to the app network. No one, not you, can take those messages down after they’ve been published.

Open Source: 

DApps must be open-sourced, and the developer community must have access to the code base. However, any improvements in the open-sourced DApp code must be made by a consensus method that essentially amounts to a majority vote rather than a developer.

Decentralized: 

Because a DApp is decentralized, its anonymous data must be kept on an immutable, public blockchain.

Dapps provide complete data integrity and are cryptographically secured. Thanks to cryptographic primitives, everything saved on the blockchain is unchangeable and incontrovertible, preventing hackers and attackers from forging your transaction without your permission. Your credentials are kept secure by using your wallet to approve DApp operations with your DApp user account.

Maintain Anonymity:

As a dApps user, you may maintain anonymity throughout any transactions in the DApp.

Get Incentivized: 

Tokens produced in DApps are used in the blockchain ecosystem to reward validators.

Zero Downtime DApps: 

DApps are hosted on decentralized blockchain platforms like Ethereum and polygon, guaranteeing high availability around the clock. It is exceedingly unlikely for a blockchain technology like Ethereum to be compromised or experience downtime.

The Function of DApps

The backend code for DApps is stored and executed on a decentralized network, such as the Ethereum blockchain, where smart contracts are used for the app logic and data storage.

In this case, smart contracts are a collection of protocols that are publicly available on the blockchain and may be seen and executed in accordance with those protocols. As a trustworthy intermediary, smart contracts facilitate agreements and transactions. The intelligent smart contract that stores the logic to regulate the DApp’s transactions is the main reason DApps can be decentralized on a specific blockchain network.

Use Cases and Examples:

It includes running decentralized finance (DeFi) lending services, games, NFT, collectibles, and marketplaces. 

DApps Case Study:

Decentralized Trading Protocol: UniSwap

Open-sourced liquidity protocol: (AAVE)

Most Effective aggregator of DeFi: 1-inch

Everyone can broadcast, share, and earn money from audio with Audius.

Rarible is both a marketplace for these assets and an Ethereum-based distributed network that facilitates direct exchange.

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What Is Blockchain Trilemma? How Can We Solve It?

Blockchain, a leader in innovation, is one of the most exciting sectors in the world, driving the development of new technologies and frequently changing the paradigm. The blockchain trilemma is one of the most well-known obstacles that developers and innovators in the cryptocurrency sector have worked tirelessly to solve as the industry has grown.

The Blockchain Trilemma: What Is It?

We must first examine the blockchain concept to understand the blockchain trilemma. Blockchain is a public, shared, immutable database or ledger where the transactions recorded are unchangeable. The three most important characteristics of blockchain are decentralization, scalability, and security.

By being decentralized, a blockchain allows for equal participation from all parties in its creation and verification. Blockchain administration is divided among members throughout the whole network, making it more decentralized and secure than if a single body managed it. The decentralized network is more open and accessible than the conventional Internet.

Blockchain security entails that it should be able to fend off efforts by wrong parties to gain control of it. The price of maintaining complete blockchain system control is typically used to gauge security. A blockchain is considered more secure if it is more expensive to manipulate.

Scalability describes the capacity and speed of the blockchain to handle transactions. The fundamental functionality of a blockchain is scalability, and the most crucial indicator for assessing a blockchain’s scalability is transaction per second (TPS). It is essential to raise the TPS and enhance the scalability of blockchain since it is generally acknowledged that a relatively low TPS is one of the primary reasons that blockchains like Bitcoin have not been widely embraced in the first place.

Security, decentralization, and scalability—the three properties mentioned above—are the fundamental core of blockchain technology. Even though the technology constantly evolves, everyone agrees that an “ideal” blockchain should simultaneously be decentralized, safe, and scalable. However, industry producers and developers frequently discover that it is exceedingly challenging to address all three problems simultaneously. When building a blockchain, it is often necessary to sacrifice one feature to benefit the other two; this situation is known as the “blockchain trilemma.”

A Perfect Example Of The Trilemma Of Blockchain; Bitcoin

An illustration of the blockchain dilemma is the scalability of bitcoin. Although Bitcoin is a fantastic invention, its platform is not the most scalable. However, the Bitcoin platform is among the internet’s most secure and decentralized. Due to its less than optimum transaction speeds, it has regrettably developed a bad image regarding scalability. It is less than ideal if you want to utilize it as money. Since the competition processes transactions in milliseconds, card processors like Visa and Mastercard outperform Bitcoin in this regard. Although the Lightning Network has helped to resolve this issue, this Layer 2 scaling method still has several drawbacks. In the end, any cryptocurrency that wants to function as a fiat currency must be scalable enough.

Many raised whether or not all three traits could be accomplished in a single network. Developers have concluded that it is impossible to achieve all three aspects and that the only option is to make do with what is now technologically feasible while working out how to make the necessary trade-offs in a practical setting. While every project works to optimize its network, every blockchain architecture will have certain flaws. Therefore, developers must determine how much of each attribute they are ready to give up to attain maximum performance.

Different Approaches to the Blockchain Trilemma Solana(SOL) 

Solana uses enterprise-grade servers and a Proof of Stake (PoS) technology to attempt to resolve the blockchain trilemma. It relies on synchronization and a limited number of servers to accomplish blockchain decentralization. There are issues with blockchain decentralization despite this, nevertheless. The server cost is often around $10,000, and joining the processing cluster requires staking thousands of dollars, which is typically only an option for large companies and wealthy people. As only a few people can fund SOL, this hinders decentralization initiatives.

Polkadot (DOT)

With the capacity to quickly establish a customized blockchain, Polkadot provides a revolutionary data availability and validity scheme to enable various blockchains to interact.

This implies that you obtain both interoperability and security. To achieve energy efficiency, it makes use of a next-generation POS platform. The Relay Chain and Parachain are the fundamental components of this blockchain. It is a significant advance on Solana because it uses validators to guarantee network consensus.

Cardano (ADA)

One of the most ecologically friendly protocols, Cardano has this to offer. Because it employs the Ouroboros secure blockchain system, it has built-in security. However, processing speed is sacrificed for security. Therefore, the network doesn’t handle transactions as quickly as some others. However, because it lacks the enormous processing needs necessary for a network like Solana, joining the network is much simpler.

Fantom (FTM)

According to Fantom, the blockchain trilemma problem has been resolved. One of the most popular crypto coins, its network provides more than 200 DApps. The network can attain the claimed speed, security, and dependability thanks to Fantom’s aBFT consensus technology. The validator nodes of Fantom, which assist in establishing it as a trustless and leaderless system, are another element of the company’s approach to the blockchain trilemma. With Fantom and FTM, blockchain decentralization is therefore greatly enhanced.

Avalanche (AVAX)

The Avalanche network has yet another effective strategy for controlling the blockchain trilemma’s restrictions. They mainly achieve their blockchain’s decentralization by rewarding users who stake and manage validator nodes. The fact that these benefits are such great means that potential validators don’t need to invest a lot of tokens to get started.

Avalanche has impressively low hardware requirements, too. For less than 1/100th the cost of the gear required to start as a validator on the Solana network, one can start with less costly hardware.

The scalability and decentralization of the blockchain depend on validators. But few individuals are motivated to work as validators. In many cases, doing so is too expensive or difficult to do, restricting its advantages to a select few.

The Blockchain Dilemma: Is It Solvable?

When considering how to resolve the blockchain trilemma, there is no one solution. The Holy Grail cannot be attained, in theory. The most we can do right now is to maximize each blockchain’s potential to fulfill its declared purpose. Future generations may access networks with exponentially greater network transfer speeds and almost unlimited computing capacity. The blockchain trilemma might be resolved relatively quickly in that situation. Transaction speeds would be accelerated “to the moon,” which would solve the issue.

Conclusion

For most developers, the blockchain trilemma is currently a significant issue. Like everything else, we have a considerably higher chance of solving a problem if we know its exact nature. We should share their optimism as many developers are working on the blockchain trilemma’s difficulties.

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Proof Of Authority: What you Need to Know About it!

Proof of Authority is a variation on the Proof of Stake consensus process in which network users stake their identity and reputation rather than tokens. Proof of Authority, first proposed in 2015 by Ethereum co-founder Gavin Wood, has recently emerged as one of the more popular consensus methods as the blockchain community looks for alternatives to Proof of Work. PoA, or Proof of Staked Authority (PoSA), aims to address some problems of existing PoW alternatives, including Proof-of-Stake.

To Begin With, Why Replace PoW?

The groundbreaking notion of Satoshi Nakamoto, which gave rise to Bitcoin and ignited the blockchain revolution, may be characterized as the ideal union of decentralization and cryptography. The Proof of Work algorithm, the brilliant idea that underpins the Bitcoin network and ensures its immutability and resistance to hostile operations, was at the core of this union.

PoW became the default consensus algorithm for most blockchain protocols that appeared after Bitcoin since it looked to serve the function. But blockchain technology gained popularity, making several PoW limits that weren’t initially clear. Many people in the blockchain community began seeking alternatives due to these shortcomings.

The Drawback of Pos That Proof of Authority Seeks to Address

Proof of Stake algorithms has been one of the most often used consensus solutions with the movement away from PoW. The benefits of PoS are apparent: it gives network validators an even greater financial incentive to act responsibly; it doesn’t require a lot of processing power or specialized equipment; and it allows for sharding, which increases the scalability of a blockchain network.

Given all these benefits, it is not unexpected that Proof of Stake (PoS) is now being implemented on Ethereum, the second-most popular blockchain network in the world. But the PoS also has a critical flaw that is frequently ignored.

Proof of stake algorithms assumes that participants in a network who have staked tokens will be motivated to act in the network’s best interest or risk losing their investment. Therefore, it seems sensible to think that a person will be more driven to ensure the network’s success if they have a more significant interest in it. This presumption, however, ignores the possibility that, despite identical stakes potentially having equal financial worth, their holders may not view them similarly. For instance, regardless of the actual stake level, a person with 20% of their entire possessions placed in a network is likely to be far more committed to that network’s success than a person with 1% of their holdings staked.

The algorithm’s premise is that network users stake their identities rather than using tokens. As a result, validators in PoA systems are well-known entities who stake their reputations on the line for the privilege of validating the blocks, in contrast to the majority of blockchain protocols where anybody may join without identifying their names. This modification to the PoS paradigm assures that all network members are equally motivated to contribute to the success of their network by eliminating the need to take into account any financial inequalities between the validators.

Proof of Authority: Benefits and Drawbacks

PoA is not feasible for public blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum, which include hundreds or even thousands of validating nodes because of the identification requirement. PoA networks are less decentralized since they often have a small number of validating nodes. They also have a high throughput capacity, which is good.

Proof of authority is similar to PoS because it takes little computing work and no specialized hardware. However, PoA networks often only use entities with a solid reputation as their validators, making it difficult for the average person to fill that position.

The Future of Proof of Authority

In the end, PoA will probably flourish in the corporate sector. PoA-based algorithms are unlikely ever to power public platforms with hundreds or millions of users. They are excellent at creating compact and lean networks suited to a small number of known stakeholders. Proof of Authority is where it is most likely to have a significant effect.

The Kryptomind team has considerable expertise collaborating on some of the most well-known protocols for creating private blockchain solutions. Contact kryptomind right now if you need a skilled developer to assist you in using the potential of blockchain technology to grow your company.